Tripura Public Service Commission (TPSC) conducts recruitment examination for the post of Tripura Forest Service (TFS) GradeII, GroupA Gazetted under GA (P & T) Department, Govt. of Tripura in a regular basis. Let us check some details of the said examination.
7 days a week by HO and Branch faculty
Limited batch size with personalised attention
Interview Preparation
Online + Offline
Once Month
All Study material and handouts in PDF format
Weekly M100 Test + Descriptive Test (Online)
Optional subject as addon
OneonOne online apointment with the teacher, once a month
100+ hours of introductory and advanced levels
23 days a week by HO and Branch faculty
Optional Included
Printed Study material and handouts
Classroom
Weekly M100 Test(Classroom) + Descriptive Test (Online)
OneonOne appointment with the teacher as required by students
Interview Preparation
As required by students
A candidate shall not be below 21 years and over 40 years of age as on a specific date mentioned in the official notification released by the Commission. Upper agelimit is relaxable by 5 (five) years in case of SC, ST, and Government Servants.
Knowledge in Bengali is desirable for the post.
Physical Standard/Physical Fitness and Medical Examination:
Prior to the appointment, aspirants will be required to undergo a Physical Efficiency Test as prescribed under the Tripura Forest Service (Appointment by Competitive Examination) Regulations, 1994.
Gender  Distance to be covered for walking test to be completed in four hours on foot  Height (cm)  Chest (cm)  
Normal  Expansion (Full)  
Male  25 km  163  84  5 
Female  14 km  150  79  5 
Gender  Distance to be covered for walking test to be completed in four hours on foot  Height (cm)  Chest (cm)  
Normal  Expansion (Full)  
Male  25 km  152.5  84  5 
Female  14 km  145.0  79  5 
The paper will include questions covering the following field of knowledge:
Topic  Marks 
(i)English Composition  30 marks 
(ii) General Knowledge & Current Events Of Local, National & International Importance  30 marks 
(iii) History of Modern India and Indian National Movement for the period 1857 to 1947.  20 marks 
(iv) Geography of India  20 marks 
(v) Geography, History & Culture of Tripura  15 marks 
(vi) Indian Polity and Economy  25 marks 
(vii) General Science and Environment  25 marks 
(viii) General Mental Ability  20 marks 
(ix) Numerical Ability  15 marks 
Syllabus : English Composition  
Important Topic  
1. Question on English Composition will cover Synonyms  5. Ordering of sentences, 
2. Antonyms, use of common Phrase & Idioms  6. spotting of errors 
3. use of appropriate Prepositions and Articles, Comprehension  7. Use of appropriate and qualifying words. 
4. Ordering of words in a sentence 
Syllabus : History of Modern India & Indian National Movement for the period
1857 to 1947: 

Important Topic  
1. In History, emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its Social, Economic and Political aspects  3. Growth of Nationalism and attainment of Independence. 
2. Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the Nineteenth Century resurgence 
Syllabus : Geography of India  
Important Topic  
1. Question on Geography of India will relate to Physical  2. Social & Economic Geography of the country including the main features of Indian Agriculture and Natural Resources. 
Syllabus : Geography, History & Culture of Tripura  
Important Topic  
1. Geography of Tripura  5. There will be questions on different Tribes 
2. emphasis will be on its natural resources with special reference to its soil  6. Languages, 
3. Forest, water and power.  7. Customs 
4. The period from 1857 to 1949 will be considered for setting question on History of Tripura.  8. Festivals, Important Historical sites 
Syllabus : Indian Polity and Economy  
Important Topic  
1. Indian Polity and Economy will test the knowledge of the candidates in Country’s Political system and Constitution of India  5. Community development 
2. Panchayatee Raj  6. Economic development during Plan periods 
General Science and Environment: – Questions on General Science and Environment will cover general appreciation and understanding of science and environment including matters of everyday observation and experience along with general awareness of Information & Communication Technology as may be expected of a welleducated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline.
General Mental Ability: – On General Mental Ability questions will be set on logical perception, understanding, natural conclusion etc.
Numerical Ability: – Questions on Numerical Ability will be similar to that the Compulsory Mathematics paper at the Madhyamik Examination of Tripura Board of Secondary Education.
The Mains Examination will have four compulsory papers and two optional papers. The exam pattern is as follows:
Subject  Maximum Marks  Duration 
General English  100  3 hr 
General Knowledge and Current Affairs  100  2 hr 
Bengali or Alternative English  100  3 hr 
Optional Paper I  200  3 hr 
Optional Paper II  200  3 hr 
Total  700 
The detailed Syllabus of the Mains Examination is provided below.
Syllabus  Marks  Duration 
Essay, preferably related to Tripura Forest and Wild life  20 
3 hr 
Précis  20  
Comprehension Test  20  
Official Correspondence  20  
Grammar (Identifying Errors in Sentences; Vocabulary test; Reorganization of sentences; Filling up of blanks with appropriate prepositions)  20  
Total  100 
General knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subjects. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of nature which a candidate should be able to answer without special study. Questions on Tripura, its History & Geography will also be included.
সিলেবাস  নম্বর  সময় 
প্রবন্ধ রচনা  ২৫ 
৩ ঘণ্টা 
পত্র রচনা  ১৫  
সার সংক্ষেপ  ২০  
ভাব সম্প্রসারণ  ২০  
কোনো বিশেষ ঘটনা সম্বন্ধে প্রতিবেদন  ২০  
মোট  ১০০ 
Syllabus  Marks  Duration 
Paragraph writing  20 
3 hr 
Report writing on Certain incident  20  
Letter writing  15  
Reconstruction of a story out of a skeleton  15  
Amplification  15  
Summarizing a prose passage  15  
Total  100 
Subject  Syllabus  Marks  Duration 
Agricultural Science
Paper I 
1. General: Physicoclimatic situation as prevailing in Tripura and scope of raising various crops under it.
2. Soil science and soil conservations: Soil genesis and its composition, soil profile, soils structure & texture, physical properties of soil, soilwater relat ship, soilplant relationship, soil fertility and plant growth, essen tial elements for plant growth and role of macro, micro and trace elements in plant nutrition, effect of green manure, organic manure and fertilizers on soil properties, properties of common nitrogenous, phosphatic and potassic tertillizers, soil organic matter and its effect on soil, acid and alkali, their formation and reclamation, microbiology. Soil erosion, factors effecting soil erosion, soil and water conservation planning and programme, land use classification.
3. Irrigation and drainage: Sources of irrigation water systems and methods of irrigationadvantages and limitations of each method, Water requirements of crops, measurement of irrigation water soil moisture different forms and their importance. Drainage and its necessity, cases of water logging, harmful effects of excessive water methods of drainage.
4. Weed and weed control: Injurious effects and losses caused weeds, chief agencies of weed dissemination, cultural, biological and chemical control of common weeds of the state.
5. Entomology & Plant Pathology: Insect pests of crops and various methods of their control, various forms of insecticides, their classification, precaution in the use of insecticides, Economic insects and methods of their rearing. Disease of cropsnature and causes of crops disease; reproduction and dissemination of diseasecausing organismsmethods of their prevention and control; various forms of fungicides and their use. Diseases caused by plant viruses, bacteria & nematodes and their control. 
100  3 hr 
6. Cropping Pattern: mixed farming; mixed cropping, intercropping: multiple cropping, relay cropping. Rotation of crops and its importance in crop production.
7. Layout of orchards its importance & various methods; plant propagationvarious methods and advantage and disadvantages of each; Training and pruning and their importance in fruit production; botanical classification of vegetables and classification bases on edible parts used.
8. Studies on Agro forestry & Social Forestry & their importance. 

Agricultural Science
Paper II 
1. Role of Horticulture with special reference to the health building of the nation;
2. Farm management–its meaning and importance, basic principles of farm management; types and systems of farming, farm records and accounts, problems and prospects of agricultural marketing; role of cooperatives in agricultural economy. Importance of fruits and vegetable processing, different methods of fruits and vegetable processing.
3. Studies of field crops: Detailed studies of the following crops with reference to their scientific introductions, soil and climatic requirement, seed bed preparation, seed rate, sowing/transplanting, land preparation inter culture, fertilizer and manorial requirement and application; improved varieties, plant protection, harvesting & storing: (a) Cereals and millets like paddy, wheat Maize. (b) Oilseeds & pulses like mustard, sesame and groundnut; black gram, gram, cowpea, fieldpea & pigeonpea. (c) Fibre crops like jute/mesta & cotton. (d) Plantation crops like sugarcane.
4. Studies of Horticulture Crops: Detailed studies of the following crops with reference to soil & climate requirements, spacing, layout, requirement or planting material like seeds & seedlings, grafts & goodies etc. seedbed preparation & sowing, pit size, pitmating, refilling, planting; varieties, manure, fertilizer requirement & application interculture, harvesting & yield, postharvest handling.
(a) Fruitscrops like citrus, banana, pineapple, papaya, jackfruit, guava, litchi. (b) Condiment & spice crops like betel vine, black pepper, ginger, turmeric, coriander, chilli. (c) Plantation of crops like coconut, cashew nut, coffee, cacao areca nut & tea. (d) Winter vegetables like cole crops. brinjal, carrot, beet, garden pea, potato, lettuce, onion, radish, spinach & tomato. (e) Summer & rainy season vegetables like parwal, bhindi, kakrol, ashgourd, sweet gourd, bitter gourd, ridge gourd, brinjal, betel gourd, cowpea, cucumber, snake gourd. 
100  3 hr 
Botany
Paper I 
Cryptogams: Classification of Magae, Fungi, Bryophyta and pteridophyta. Life history of – Chlamydomonas, Ocdogonium, Ectocarpus, Rhizopus. Saccharomyces, Pllyporus, Marchantia, Funaria Lycopodium, Equisetum and Petris. General account of cyanophyta. Bacillariophyta, Rhodophyta. Deuteromycetes, Bacteria and Virus. Economic importance of Magae, Fungi and Pteridophyta
Morphology: Inflorescence, Flower, Pollination. Seeds and Fruits including dispersal.
Anatomy: Tissue, Tissue system, internal structures of root. stem and leaf, normal secondary growth in stem.
Taxonomy: Principles of nomenclature and classification of angiosperm, distinctive features and economic importance of the families: Gramineae, Zingiberaceae, Orchidaceae, Palmae, Magnoliaceae, Leguminosae. Cucurbitaceae, Rubiaceae, Eup Euphorbiaceae, Dipteroenrpaceae. Verbenaceae, Myrtaceae. Compositae, Labiatae 
100  3 hr 
Botany
Paper II 
Plant Pathology: Causes and of cure plant diseases, disease organisms, deficiency diseases, physiology of parasitism.
Physiology: Intake of water and minerals, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth hormone, photoperiodism.
Ecology: Ecological factor, ecosystem, forest ecosystem, method of studying plant community, man and biosphere resources including their conservation, pollution.
Plant Geography: Botanical regions of India.
Economic Botany: Economic uses of flowering Plants particularly medicinal plants, timber yielding plants, food and fibre yielding plants, beverage yielding plants.
Cytology & plant Breeding: Mitotic and meiotic division, chromosome structure, Mendelism, mutation, polyploidy, plant breeding methods and hybrid vigour, 
100  3 hr 
Zoology
Paper I 
1. Classification of the animal kingdom into principle groupsdistinguishing features of the various phyla.
2. Classification upto subclass in Nonchordates and upto order in chordates. 3. The structure, habits, and Lifehistory of the following nonchordate types: Amoeba, a sponge, Obelia, roundworm, earthworm, Leech, Slorsion, Pila and starfish. 4. An outline knowledge of social insects with special reference to termite and ant. 5. Beneficial insects: Lacinsect, honey bee and silk motho 6. Insect pests of forest trees and their control measures. 7. The structure and comparative anatomy of the following chordate types Branchiostoma, Petromyzon, Lates, toad, Calotes, pigeon and guinea pig. 8. Elementary knowledge of the histology and physiology of the various organs of the animal body with reference to toad, guineapig, Endocrine glands and their functions. 9. Lifehistory, pathogenicity and control of Entamoeda, histolytica, plasmodium vivax. 
100  3 hr 
Zoology
Paper II 
1. Taxonomy: Principles of taxonomy: Terminology: Binomial nomenclature, international Code of Zoological nomenclature.
2. Ecology– Ecological factors (biotic and antibiotic factors), Ecosystem Components, food chains and food webs, Forest ecosystem and pond ecosystemstructure and function. 3. Adaptation: Aquatic, volant and arboreal adaptation, Colouration and mimicry 4. Animal association: Symbiosis, Commensalism, parasitism. 5. Cytogenetics: Chromosome structure, DNA as genetic material, Mendelism; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance Sex determination; Congenital abnormalities in mar Colour blindness, Down’s syndrome. 6. Evolution: Evidences of evolution; Darwinism; Modern synthetic theory of evolution Mutation theory of de Vires. 7. Embryology: Account of gametogenesis and fertilization Cleavage and formation of tree germinal layers in chick structure and functions of the mammalian placenta. 8. Zoogeography:– Zoogeographical realms. 9. Distribution of animals: Type of distribution, Geological distribution of animals with special reference to the Indian fauna. 10. Wild Life: Purpose of wild life study; Elementary knowledge of life of India with special reference to the endangered species; Principles of Conservation and management. 11. Environmental pollution: Water pollution and air pollution. 
100  3 hr 
Forestry
Paper I 
1. Environment and ecology of forests:
Forest as living entityits effect on environment inclusion in concurrent list of constitution; ecosystem; ecological succession and climax; nutrient cycling and water relations; physiology in stress environment (drought, waterlogging, alkalinity and salinity etc.); distribution of different types of forest principles and concepts of tree improvement.
2. Forest Economic, Policies & Legislation: Fundamental principles of forest economics; cost benefit analysis; forest biometry; estimation of demand and supply; assessment and projection of market structures; role and mode of corporate functioning, socioeconomic analysis of forestry productivity and its dynamics.
3. History of forest development in India: Indian Forest policy of 1894, 1952 and 1938. National Commission on Agriculturereport on forestry, constitution of Boards to tackle denuede nonforest areas, research activity on forests.
4. Forest Laws: Necessity: general principles, Indian Forest, 1927. Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, Environment Acts etc.
5. Forest Botany: PLANT MORPHOLOGY: Type of leavesphyllotaxy, different types of inflorescence, flowers, floral structure, floral formulae and floral diagram, dispersal of fruits and seeds, germination of seed.
Taxonomy and systematic botany: Nomenclature, principles of classification, Bentham and Hooker system of classification), different herbarium plants and herbaria, I.C.B.N. and Vienna Code.
Plant Anatomy or Forest Anatomy: Root, stem and leaf anatomy, wood and bast tissues, annual rings, sapwood and hardwood, cambium, wounds and leaf abscission.
6. Soil & Water Conservation: Soil formation, extent and causes of erosion in India, histological cycle, genesis of wasteland, land capability classification and utilization. Soil conservation measures in varied topography, afforestation and protection of sensitive areas, closure, fire protection, contour tranching, check dams, gulty plugging wing breaks, shelter belts etc., adaption of different engineering measures for soil and water conservation, soil conservation in agricultural landterracing, contour bunding, crop protection, step cropping, green manuring, mulching, soil conservation in catchment areas and watershed management.
7. Wildlife: Definition, values, food chain, biomes, concept of habitat, biodiversity population control, major wildlife species, management of protected areas.
8. Social Forestry: Genesis, scope, necessity, agroforestry, extension forestry, recreational forestry, involvement of people and people’s participation.
9. Application of remote sensing technique in Forestry: Aerial photographs, interpretation of satellite imagery.
10. Tribal Welfare: Constitutional provisions and general legislation for tribal welfare, symbiotic relationship with forests, tribal economy in relation to forests, tribal development schemes. 
100  3 hr 
Forestry
Paper II 
1. Silviculture
General silvicultural principles ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation, natural and artificial generation of forests, nursery seed technologycollection, storage, pretreatment and germination, establishment and tendings. Silvicultural systemclear felling, uniform, shelterwood, selection, coppice and conversion systems. Silvicluture of some of the economically important species such as Pinus Wallichiana, Pinus Kesiya, Crypromeria Japonica. Tropical pines, Acacia spp., Albizzia spp., Artocarpus spp. Anogeissus spp., Bamboos, Careya arborea, Cedrela toona, Cassia sinamia, Dalbargia. spp., Dipterocarpus spp., Eucalyputus spp., Gmelina arborea, Grewia spp., Hopea parvflora, Hymendodictiyon exelsem, Leucaena Leucocephala. Legerstroemia spp., Michelia spp., Melia azadiracht, Mesua ferrea, Populus spp., Salmelia spp., Shorea robusta, Suzygium spp., Tectonas grandis, Terminalia spp.
FOREST MENSURATION AND MANAGEMENT:
2. Forest Mensuration and Management: Methods of measuringdiameter, girth, height and volume of trees, formfactor, volume estimation of stand, sampling methods, yield calculation, current annual increment, mean annual increment, sample plots, yield and stand tables, scope and objectives of forest inventory.
Forest management – Objectives and principles, techniques, sustained yield, rotation, normal forest, growing stock, regulation of yield methods and application,
3. Forest Utilization: Logging and extraction techniques and principles, transport, storage and sale. Minor forest producesdefinition and scope, gums, resins, oleoresins, fibres, oilseeds, nuts, rubber canes, bamboo medicinal plant, charcoal, apiary, sericulture, lac and shellac, tassar, silk, katha and bidi leafs. Collection, processing and disposal of minor forest products. Wood technology, anatomical, physical and mechanical properties of wood, defects and abnormalities, composite and other wood products, pulp, paper and rayon. Saw milling wood seasoning and preservation.
4. Forest Protection: Injuries to forestsabiotic and biotic, insects, pests and diseases, General forest protection against fire, insect and diseases, biological and chemical controls.
5. Forest Surveying and Engineering: Different methods of surveyingchain, prismatic compass, plaintable and topographic surveys, area calculation, maps and map reading. Basic principles of forest engineering. Building materials, and construction, Roadsobjects and classification, general principles, construction. Bridgesgeneral principles, objects, types, simple design and construction of timber bridges.
6. Forest Accounts: Accounts Code VolIII, service agency, basic principles in maintenance of Cash Book on forest accounts.
7. Forest Working or Management Plans: Necessity, aspects covered, evaluation, monitoring of prescriptions, feasibility studies. 
100  3 hr 
Physics
Paper I 
1. Mechanics and general properties of matter:
Units and dimensions, scaler and vector quantities. Moment of inertia in simple cases like uniform red, disc, ring sphere, uniform lamina. Rotational motion under constant angular acceleration, gravitation, escape velocity, geo stationary satellites, simple harmonic motion, simple and compound pendulum, elasticity, surface tension, viscosity of liquids, rotary pump. McLeod gauge.
2. Sound: Differential equation of waves, energy of sound waves, stationery waves, velocity of longitudinal waves in solids and gases. Acoustics in architecture, Elements of ultrasonics. Elementary principle of gramophones, Talkies and loudspeakers.
3. Heat and Thermodynamics: Thermometry, thermal expansion of solids and liquids. Isothermal and adiabatic changes in gases. Thermal conductivity, kinetic theory of gases, Equations of states, VanderWaals’ equation. JouleThompson effect. Heat engines, Carnot’s Theorem. Laws of Thermodynamics. Elementary principle of refrigeration and airconditioning. Internal combustion engines. Black body radiation. 
100  3 
Physics
Paper II 
1. Light:
Geometrical OpticsRefraction of light at spherical surface, thin lenses and their combination, separated lenses, chromatic abberation and spherical abberation Ramsden and Hyghen eyepiece, optical instrumentstelescope, compound microscope, magnifying power.
Physical opticMichelsons octagenal method for determination of velocity of light. Wave theory of light, InterferenceYoung’s experiment, Frensel’s biprism, Newton’s ring Diffractionelementary theory, Single slit double slit, transmission grating. PolarizationDouble refraction, Nicol’s prism, optical activity, spectroscopy.
2. Electricity and Magnetism: Magnetic potential and field due to short magnet magnetic shall, couple on magnet, work done in deflecting a magnet, Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetic properties of matt, Hysteresis permeability and susceptibility. Electrostatics Gausses theorem and simple applications, condensers, Attracted dise electrometer.
Current electricitymoving magnet and moving coil galvanometers, Ballistic galvanometer and its uses. Electromagnetic induction, selfinductance and mutual inductance, magnetic field due to a circular current, straight conductor and solenoid. D. C. Circuitsgrowth and decay of current & charge in L. R. & C. R. circuit. A. C. CircuitsR. M. SS and mean value of current and e. m. f. Reactance, impedance phase angle, Vector diagram. Power factor, LR, m CR & LCR circuits, Resonant circuits, Qfactor. Transformers elementary principles.
3. Modern Physics: Transistor, Semiconductors, Characteristics curves different configurations, cathode ray oscilloscope, measurement of specific charge of electron. Measurement of charge of Electron RadioactivityMean life, halflife age of rocks, radio isotopes G.M. Counters Elements of Bohr’s theory, X rays. 
100  3 hr 
Chemistry
Paper I 
Organic Chemistry:
Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and dienes. Simple derivative of aliphatic compounds – Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Acids, Halides, Ethers, Acid chloride, Acids amide and Acid anhydride. Monobasic hydroxyl, Ketonic and amino acids, Organometallic compounds, Acetoacetic ester, Tartaric, Citric, Maleic and Fumaric acids. Carbohydrates, Classification, general reactions and structures of Glucose, fructose and sucrose.
Stereochemistry: Optical and geometrical isomersim, concept of conformation. Benzene and its simple derivatives, Toluene, xylenes, Phenols, halides, nitro and amino compounds. Benzoic, salicylic, cinnamic, mandelic and sulphoric acids. Aromatric aldehydes and Ketones. Diazo, azo and hydrazo compounds. Aromatric substitution. Naphthalene, Pyrrole, Pyridine and quinoline.
Elementary ideas of Petrochemicals, vitamins, Hormones, Antibiotics Alkaloid, Protein and Pesticide.
Inorganic Chemistry: Chemistry of the common (‘S’ and ‘P’ block) elements (both metals and nonmetals) including their isolation/extraction and their compounds. Structure of hydrogen peroxide, diborane, aluminium chloride and the important oxy acids of nitrogen, phosphorus, chlorine and sulphur. Inert gasesIsolation and chemistry. Werner’s theory of Coordination compounds. Transitional elements and their characteristics. Manufacture of ammonia, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, cement glass, fertilizers. Principles of Inorganic qualitative and quantitative analysis. 
100  3 hr 
Chemistry
Paper II 
General Chemistry:
Electronic configuration of elements, Aufbau Principle, Periodic classification of elements, atomic and ionic raddi, ionisation potential, electron affinity, electronegativity. Natural and artificial radioactivity, nuclear fission & fusion reactions.
Electronic theory of valency, modern concepts of covalent bonding, elementary ideas of sigma and Pibonds, hybridization and directional nature of covalent bonds, inductive, measomeric and hyperconjugative effect, resonance, oxidation and reducing agents, balancing equalions by ionelec tion method. Modern concept of acid baseArrhenius, Lewis, Bronsted. Lowry, Usanovich, Soft and hard acidbase, Laws of thermodynamicsZeroth, first and Second laws, isothermal, adiabatic, cyclic, reversible, irreversible processes, enthalpy, entropy, free energy, Criteria of chemical equilibrium and spontaneity of a process.
Carnot cycle, mathematical derivation of second law of thermodynamics. Thermochemistryheat of reaction, formation, combustion, Solution, bond energy, flame temperature, Kirchoff equation.
Physical Chemistry Kinetic theory of gas, derivation of PV = 1/3mnc^{2}, Van der Waals’ equation, Liquefaction of gas, Critical state, law of corresponding states. Specific heat of gases, CC=R, C=C, Maxwell equation of distribution of molecular Velocity (excluding derivation)interpretation of results.
Osmotic pressure, relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, determination of molecular weight in solution, association and dissociation of solutes.
Low of mass action and its application to homogeneous and simple heterogeneous equilibrium, Le Chatelier Principle, influence of temperature and pressure on chemical equilibrium. Molecularity and order of a reaction, first and second order reaction, determination of order of a reaction, elementary ideas of theory of reaction rates, collision theory and activated complex theory.
Phase rule equation phase, component, degree of freedom, application to one component and simple two component systems distribution law. Colloidsgeneral methods of preparation, properties, coagulation peptisation, protective action, gold number, Tyndall effect, Brownian motion. Elementary ideas of macromoleculestheir preparation structure, uses. Initiators. Catalysishomogeneous & heterogeneous catalysis, Criteria, Promoters. Poisoning of catalysts. Photochemistry (elementary ideas), laws of photo chemistry, simple problems.
Conductanceequivalent, molecular and ionic conductants, Kohlrausch’s law of independent migration of ions, transport number, absolute velocity of ions, Conductometric titrations, Ostwald’s dilution law, hydrogen ion concentrationpH, buffer reaction, indicators, theory of indicators (elementary ideas) Solubility product, hydrolysis of salts.
Reversible and irreversible cells, HE (Standard hydrogen electrode) and Quinhydrone, calomel electrodes, redox potential determination of PH by different methods, potentiometric titrations. 
100  3 hr 
Mathematics
Paper I 
1. Classical Algebra
(a) Complex Numbers: Algebra of complex numbers. De Moivre’s theorem and its applications. Exponential, Sine, Cosine and Logarithm of a complex number, Hyperbolic functions.
(b) Polynomials with real coefficients, Fundamental theorem of classical Algebra (Statement only). The ninth degree equation has exactly m roots. Nature of roots of an equation. Statement of Descarte’s rule of signs and its applications. Relation between roots and coefficients. Symmetric functions of roots. Transformations of equations. Cardan’s method of solution of cubic equation.
(c) Determinants and Matrices: Simple properties of product of determinants. Solution of Linear equations with not more than three variables by cramer’s rule. Algebra of matrics. Adjoint of a matrix, inversion of matrices, Rank of matrix. Consistency and solution of linear equations (in three unknowns.)
2. Vector Algebra: Addition of vectors. Multiplication of a vector by a scalar. Scalar and vector products of two and three variables. Simple applications to (i) the Geometrical problems (ii) Mechanics (work done and torque).
3. Differential Calculus: Concept of limit, continuity and differentiability of a function of one variable. Derivative of standard functions. Successive differentiation. Statement of Leibnitz’s theorem and its applications. Statement of Rolle’s theorem and its applications. Mean value theorem of Lagrange and Cauchy. Statement of Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s theorem with Langrange’s form of remainders. Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s series for function like e^{x}, sinx, cosx, (1+x)^{n}, log (1+x)^{n}. Indeterminate forms. L’Hospital rule (proof not needed) applications. Maxima and minima of a function of a single variable. Geometrical application such as tangent, normal, rectilinear asymptotes (Cartesian only). Curvature of plane curves. Envelope of family of straight lines (Problems only). Partial differentiations. Euler’s theorem on homogeneous function of two variables.
Convergence of sequence and series. Test of convergence of series of positive terms. Statement of Comparison test, Ratio test, Cauch’s nth root test and Raabe’s tests and applications.
4. Integral Calculus: Standard methods of integration. Definition of definite integral of continuous functions. Fundamental theorem of Integral Calculus. Reduction formula of $ tan $ xdx. sinm x cosn x dx and connected problems in (m, n are nonnegative integers) Definition of improper integrals. Uuse of Beta and Gamma functions (Convergence and important relations being assumed). Quadrature Rectification, Volume and surface areas of solids of revolution of plane curves and areas by Xaxis and Yaxis Problems only.
5. Differential equations: Solution of first order differential equations (variable separable. Homogeneous equations, Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equation, Exact equation, Clairaut’s equation). Second order linear differential equations with constants coefficients. Simple application of problems on growth and decay, simple harmonic motion. 
100  3 hr 
Mathematics
Paper II 
1. Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions:
(a) Two dimensions: Pair of straight lines, Condition that the general equation of second degree in X and Y may represent two straight lines. Angle between two straight lines, Equation of bisectors of the angle between pair of straight lines. General equation of second degree in x and y. Reduction to canonical forms. Classification of conic.
Polar equations of straight lines, circles. Polar equation of a conic referred to focus as polo, Equations of tangents and normals.
(b) Three Dimensions: Rectangular Cartesian coordinates. Distance between two points. Direction cosines a d direction rations of a straight line. Production of a line segment on another straight line. Angle between two straight lines.
Equation of Planes: General form, intercept form and normal form. Angle between two planes. Bisectors of angles between two intersecting planes. Volume of tetrahedron.
Equations of a straight line: General form and symmetrical form. Coplanarity of two lines. Shortest distance between two skew lines.
Sphere and its tangent plane.
2. Linear Algebra: Concept of vector space/Linear space over a field. Examples from. Different branches of Mathematics. Line combination, linear dependence, impendence of finite set of vectors. Basis of a finite dimensional vector space
3. Linear Programming: Formulation of linear programming problems from daily life. lack and surplus variables, Convex set. Hyperplane. Extreme point. Basic solution and Basic feasible solutions. Statement of Fundamental theorem of Linear programming problem and its applications, Standard form of Linear programming problem. Solution by simplex method, (not more than three variables). Charn’s Method. Concept of Duality. Transportation (Balanced problem) and Assignment problem.
4. Dynamics of Particle: Kinematics, –displacement, speed, velocity and acceleration of a Particle, relative velocity. Motion in a straight line under (i) Constant forces (ii) Variable forces (Simple Harmonic motion, Inverse square law), Damped oscillation. Forced and damped forced oscillation. Motion in two dimensions: Projectile in vacuum and in a medium with resistance varying linearly as velocity. Motion under forces varying as distance from a fixed point.
Impact of elastic bodies. Direct impact. Loss of Kinetic energy, indirect impact.
Motion in plane. Velocity and acceleration in Cartesian coordinates, Angular velocity and angular acceleration. Tangential and normal acceleration, Radial and Transverse component of velocity and acceleration. Central orbit. Central forces. Motion of a particle under central force. orbit. Differential equation in polar and pedal coordinates. Apses. Applications. 
100  3 hr 
Statistics
Paper I 
1. Classical definition of probability and principal theorems on probability along with their applications in solving problems, expectation of random variables and principal theorems, joint distribution of discrete random variables and their independence, Chebychev’s inequality and wealkaw of large number with applications.
2. Types of statistical data and their representation by means of charts and diagrams, frequency distributions and their graphical representations, measures of central tendency and dispersion, correlation and regression involving two variables, rank correlation ratio, partial and multiple correlation and regression involving three variable.
3. Standard theoretical distributions like binomial, Poisson and Normal, derivation of these distributions and discussion of their properties, concept of sampling distribution of a statistic and derivation of sampling distribution of mean and of variance independent normal variates and of K2 (Chisquare), characteristics of T and F distributions, large sample and small sample tests of significance, definition and uses of Pearsoniam K2 (chisquare).
4. Criteria of a good estimator, minimum likelihood estimators and their properties (without proof), derivation of maximum likelihood estimates for parameters of binomial, Poisson and normal distributions. meaning of interpolation, and E operator’s, Newton’s forward, backward and divided difference formula. Lagrange’s interpolation formula, meaning of numerical intergration, general integration formula and derivation of trapezodal and Simpson’s onethird rules from its problems on numerical integration, numerical solution of equations in one unknown by method of false position method of interaction and NewtonRaphson method, convergence of interaction method. 
100  3 hr 
Statistics
Paper II 
1. Advantages of sampling method over complete enumeration steps involved in a sampling enquiry and requirements of a good sample, simple random sampling with and without replacement, stratifies random sampling procedures (with estimates & their standard errors), preparation of forms and schedules for enquiry, basic principles of design of experiments, completely randomised arrangement, randomised block arrangement and latin square arrangement of treatments, technique of analysis of the above designs.
2. Price index number and various steps in the construction of a price index number, important price’ index number formula with their derivation, quantity index, numbers, tests of index number formula; chain index, number construction of consumer price index number, wholesale price index number and its construction with reference to All India wholesale price index number errors in index numbers. contents of important statistical publications of Govt. of India and Govt. of Tripura, methods of compilation of statistics relating to census, agriculture and prices particularly with reference to Tripura.
3. Time series and its components, trend determination by freehand smoothing, method of moving average and fitting a mathematical curve, determination of seasonal indices by methods to trendratios and ratios to moving averages, statistical quality control (SQC) and its meaning, advantages of SQC, rational subgroups. control charts for variables and attributes, construction of control charts for mean, range, fraction defective, number of defectives and number of defects.
4. Sources of vital statistics, rates and ratios of vital statistics measurement of mortality by crude, specific and standardized death rates, general description of a complete Life table and its construction, measurement of fertility by crude birth rate, general, specific and total fertility rates, gross and net reproduction rates Analysis of variance in one way and twoway classified data with one observation in each cell, numerical problems relating to oneway classified data. 
100  3 hr 
Agricultural Engineering
Paper I 
1. SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION The concept of soil and water Conservation, Various types of erosion, their causes. The study of hydrology, hydrologic cycle, rainfall and runoff Measurement of rainfall, runoff, stream gangingEvaluation of runoff from rainfall Engineering measures for control of soil erosion, terraces, bunds, outlets and grassed waterways. Flood control principles and flood routing. Design of farm ponds and earth dam stream bank erosion and its control wind erosion and its control. Watershed management with special reference to small Watersheds.
2. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE Soil, Water, plant relationship. Sources and types of irrigations, planning and design of minor irrigation schemes, measurement of soil moisture.
Duty of water consumptive use. Water requirements of crops. Benefit cost ratio of irrigation systems. Measurement of irrigation water orifices wires and flumes, command area development with construction of channels, pipe lines, head gates, diversion boxes structures and cross drainage works.
Study of ground water hydrology. Hydraulics of various type of wells Drilling methods, development and testing of wells,
DRAINAGEDefinitioncauses of water logging: Methods of drainage of irrigated and nonirrigated water logged areas. Design of surface and subsurface drainage systems. 
100  3 hr 
Agricultural Engineering
Paper II 
FARM STRUCTURE/BUILDING:
Study of the various types, of building materials and their properties, Timber brickwork and R. C. works study on the construction and design of columns, beams, roof trusses, joints project preparation, planning of small and big farms houses, farm steed, animal shelters and storage structures. Rural water supply and sanitation.
Farm machinery and power:Study on the construction of different types of internal combustion engines. Ignition, fuel, Lubricating, cooling and governing systems of IC engines. Different types of tractors, Chassis transmission and steering.
Farm machinery for primary and secondary tillage, seeding machinery interculture tools and machinery. Harvesting and threshing equipment. Machinery for land development. Pumps and pumping machinery.
3. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION: Problems and maintenance of Electrical Systems in rural areas. A. C. and D. C. circuits Maintenance and development of Electrical System in agricultural and allied farms, Electrical motor used in agriculture, their types, selection, installation and maintenance. 
100  3 hr 
Chemical Engineering
Paper I 
1. Transport phenomena: (Under steady State Conditions)
(a) Momentum transfer: (i) Different patterns of flow and their criteria; (ii) Velocity Profile; (iii) Filtration Sedimentation Centrifuge. (iv) Flow of solids through fluids.
(b) Heat transfer; Different modes of heat transfer; conductioncalculation for single and composite walls of Flat, cylindrical, spherical shapes.
Convectiondifferent dimensionless groups used in forced and free convection, Equivalent diameter, Determination of individual and overall heat transfer coefficient, EvaporationRadiationStefan Boltzmann law.
Emissivity and absorptivity, Geometrical shape factor, Heat load of furnacescalculation.
(c) Mass transfer: Diffusion in gases and liquids.
Absorption, desorption, humidification, dehumidification drying and distillation Analogy between momentum, heat and mass and transfer.
2. Thermodynamics: (a) 1^{st}, 2^{nd} and 3^{rd} Laws of thermodynamics. (b) Determination of internal energy, entropy enthalpy and free energyDetermination of chemical equilibrium constants for homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Use of thermodynamics in combustion, distillation and heat transfer. Mechanism and theory of mixing, various mixers for liquidliquid, Soilliquid and solidsolid. 
100  3 hr 
Chemical Engineering
Paper II 
1. Reaction Engineering:
(1) Kinetics Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions, 1^{st} and 2^{nd} order reactions. Batch and flowsReactors and their design. (ii) CatalysisChoice of catalysis; Preparations; Mechanics of catalysis based upon mechanism.
2. Transportation: Storage and transport of materials and in particular, powders, resins, volatile and nonvolatile liquids, emulsions and dispersions, pumps, compressors and blowers, MixerMechanisms and theory of mixing, various mixers for liquidliquid; soild, solidliquid.
3. Materials: Factors that determine choice of materials for construction in chemical industries Metals and alloys, ceramics, plastics and rubbers, Timber and timber products, plywood laminates. Fabrication of equipment with particular reference to production of vats, barrels, filter presses etc.
4. Instrumentation and process control: Mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, thermal, optical, magnetic, electrical and electronic instruments, controls and control systems, automation. 
100  3 hr 
Civil Engineering
Paper I 
1. Engineering Materials their properties and strength;
Materials Timber, stone, brick, lime, cement, tile, sand, surkhi, mortar and concrete, metal and glass structure proportion of metals and alloys used in engineering practice. Stresses and strainsHook’s Law, Bending. Torsion and direct stresses, Elastic property of bending of beams, maximum and minimum stresses due to eccentric loading. Bending moment and shear force diagrams and defection of beams under static and live leads.
2. Structural Engineering: Steel StructuresPermissible stresses, Design of beams, simple and builtup columns and simple roof trusses and girders, column bases and grillages for axially and eccentrically loaded columns; bolted, riveted and welded connections. R.C.C. structures Specifications of materials usedproportioning, workability and strength requirementI. S. I. standards for design loads, permissible stresses in R. C. C. members subject to direct and bending stress Design of simply supported, overhanging and cantilever beams, rectangular and Teebeams in floors and lintels; axially loaded columns and their bases. 
100  3 hr 
Civil Engineering
Paper II 
1. Civil Engineering construction and environmental Engineering:
ConstructionBrick and stone masonry walls, floors and roof, staircases, carpentry in wooden floors, roofs ceiling, doors and windows; finishes (plastering, pointing, painting and varnishing etc.) Principles of design of highwayswidth of foundation and pavement, camber, gradient. Curves and superclevation; retaining walls. Construction of earth roads, stabilized and water bound macadam roads, bituminus surfaces and concrete roads; draining of roads. Water supplySources of water, standards of cation, layout of distribution system, pumps and beetsters. purity, methods of purifi Sanitation Sewers, storm water overflows, house drainage requirements and a appurtenances, septic tanks, sewage treatment and dispersion trenchesActivated sludge process.
2. Surveying, estimating and Bridge Engineering: SurveyingChain and Compass Surveyinginstruments and their uses; plane leveling; theodolite.
EstimatingPrinciples and units of measurements, taking out quantities for buildings: and preparation of abstract of costs; specifications and data sheets for important items; estimating earthwork for roads and canals. Bridges Types, economical spans, IRC loading, designing superstructure of small span bridges, Principles of designing foundation of allotments and piers of bridges, pile and well foundations, Soil MechanicsSoils and their investigation, bearing capacity. 
100  3 hr 
Electrical Engineering
Paper I 
Electrical FieldsCoulomb’s law, Gauss theorem, Capacitance, charging current and stored energy.
Magnetic FieldBiot Savart’s law flux density, relative permeability, saturation, stored energy, self and Mutual Induction. Net Work’s: Networks elements, KCL, KVL, Star/Delta connections, Maximum Power Transfer theorem. A.C.: Single phase and three phase, active and reactive power, power factor and its improvement. Transient and steady state response, Laplace and Fourier’s transform, Resonance and coupled circuits. Lead acid storage battery, charging and discharging, Care and maintenance of battery.
Measurements: Basic methods of measurements, general features of Indicating, Moving coil, Moving iron, Dynamometer Rectifier type of instruments. Production of deflecting, controlling and damping torques. C. I. and P. I. measurement of active and reactive power in single phase and three phase with wattmeter. Electrostatic instruments and measurement of high Voltage. Induction type instruments, Principles of energy, meter, power factor meter, frequency meter and use of synchroscope.
Electrical Machines: Principals of electromechanical energy conversion, field excitation in electrical machine, steady d. c. pulsating and relaying and relaying magnetic fields, voltage due to steady d. c., relaying magnetic field, concentrated and distributed windings, Magnetic saturation. No load characteristics of electrical machine.
Transformer. Basic Principles of transformer, e. m. f. equation, phasor diagram, equivalent circuit. regulation, losses and efficiency, testing of transformer, Auto transformer, three phase connection, paralled operation of 3phase transformer.
D. C. Machines: D. C. Generators, excilation systems and characteristics, Principals of D. C motors, starting and speed control of D. C motors, losses and efficiency. Heating, cooling and ventilations of electrical machines. 
100  3 hr 
Electrical Engineering
Paper II 
Power systems and High Voltage Line conductors. Insulators and their uses Calculation of overhead line parametersResistance, Inductance, Capacitance for 3 phase line, sag and Tension Calculation including effect of wind, ice, etc.
Underground cables and their uses, Calculation of cable parameters, grading, equalization potential gradients. Electrical design of overhead lines Performance of Short and medium transmission lines. Control of Reactive power, use of shunt and series capacitors and synchronous Condensers. Fault calculation and protective: Relays, Corona, measurements of High Voltage, Protection against over Voltages. Methods of forecasting electrical loads, Estimation of connected load, Maximum. demand, average load, Load factor and Energy consumption Calculations of simple flat rate, two parts and three par US tariffs.
Fields and A. C MachinesVector Analysis, Divergence theorem (Gausstheorem), Maxwell’s equation, Electromagnetic wave propagation, Synchronous machinesGenerator and Motor characteristics, synchronous impedance, parallel operation of synchronous generators. Induction machines Three phase motor characteristics, starting and speed control, single phase Induction motor. Electronics and Computer Semiconductor devices, Equivalent circuits. Transistor parameters determination of current and voltage gain input and output impedances, biasing techniques, single and multistage audio and radio small signals large signal amplifier’s and their analysis, Feedback amplifiers and Oscillators.
Introduction to principles of analog and digital type Electronic Instruments. VTVM, A/D and D/A Converters. Operational amplifiers, general architecture of simple computer. Organization of CPU and Principles of Computing. Control System: Transfer functions, Block diagrams and signal flow graphs steady state error, stability, Routh and Nyquist Criteria, Bodeplots, Root Loci. 
100  3 hr 
Mechanical Engineering
Paper I 
1. Strength of Materials:
Stress and strainsHooke’s Law. Bending Moment, Shear force and deflection in simply supported, overhanging and cantilever beams for simple loading. Torsion in round barstransmission of power by shafts. Simple cases of combined and torsion.
2. Theory of machines and Machine Design: Crank effort diagram of engines, Speed variation of flywheels. Governors. Power transmission by belt drives. Journals and thrust bearings Ball and roller bearings. Design of fasteners and locking devices. Riveted, bolted and welded Joints.
3. Production Engineering: Common machine tools, Working Principles and design features of lathes, shapers, planners, drilling machines, milling machines, grinding machines. Jigs and fixtures. Metal cutting tool materials, tool geometry, cutting forces. Forming processmoulding, casting, forging, rolling, drawing of metals. Weldingweldability, welding processes, testing of welds.
MetrologyLinear and angular measurement. Measurement of screws and gears. Surface finish. Limits and Fits. Optical and pneumatic instruments. Measurement of other physical quantities like temperature, pressure, force and speed etc. 
100  3 hr 
Mechanical Engineering
Paper II 
1. Applied Thermodynamics:
Fuel combustion and air supply. Analysis of Fuels and exhaust gases. Boilers, Super heaters and economizers. Boiler mountings and accessories, Boiler performance. Physical properties of steam. Steam tables and their uses. Laws of thermodynamics. Gas laws. Expansion and compression of gases. Air Compressors. Ideal and actual engine cycles. Uses of temperatureentropy, heatentropy, pressureVolume Charts and diagrams. Simple seam turbines and internal combustion engine. Indicator Diagrams. Mechanical, thermal, air standard and actual efficiencies. General construction of engines, performance tests and heat balance.
2. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines: Bernoulli’s equation, Fluid flowslaminar and turbulent flow, flow through chavinels and pipes, moving pates and vanes. Measurement of flow. Pumps and turbinesdesign principles, application and characteristic curves, principles of gindlarity and governing. Hydraulic accumulators, presses, lifts and cranes. Surge tanks and Storage reservoirs.
3. Industrial Engineering: Industrial plant location and layout. duction planning and control. Methods of time study and work measurementMotiontime date, Work sampling. Job evaluation and merit rating. Wages and Incentives. 
100  3 hr 
Pattern of Questions for Optional Papers of the Main Examination of Tripura Forest Service GradeII as per the latest notification released by the Commission
Question pattern  No. of questions to be attempted  Marks per question  Total Marks  Grand Total 
MCQ/Objective Type  20 questions  01  20 
100 
Short Answer Type  06 questions  05  30  
Descriptive Answer Type  05 questions  10  50 
On the basis of result of Main Examination candidates will be called for Personality Test. The final selection will be made in order of merit on the basis of the marks obtained by a candidate in the Mains Examination in aggregate and by adding the marks obtained in the Personality Test.